WHAT IS Tafsir:

Tafsir of Quran means the explanation or interpretations of the verses of Quran. The Tafsir of Quran is not something done by anyone with ordinary or common intellect and understanding of Islam, rather it is done by people after obtaining extensive knowledge about Islam and reading the history of Islam thoroughly.

IMPORTANCE OF TAFSIR:

There is a variety of reasons why Tafsir is important and people consult Tafsir when it comes to understanding of Quran. The few important reasons that make Tafsir important are as follows:

  1. Firstly, it tries to explain Quran so that the understanding of the reader about Quran and its message increases
  2. Secondly, Tafsir is also important when it comes to driving out the laws of Islam from Quran..
  3. Thirdly, when there is no science involved in the interpretation of Quran, then ambiguity and contradiction is surely to rise. When there is Tafsir of Quran available, that contains the scientific method of analysis of verses, the chances of ambiguity and conflict decrease.

OBJECTIVES OF TALEEM–E-QURAN:

  1. PROPER UNDERSTANDING OF AYAH IN ITS CONTEXT.
  2. UNDERSTANDING OF QUR’AN IN LIGHT OF HADITH.
  3. UNDERSTANDING OF AYAHS IN LIGHT OF INTERPRETATION DONE BY SAHABAH.
  4. THE MOST IMPORTANT IS THE IMPLEMENTATION OF KNOWLEDGE IN OUR LIVES.

Explanation Of Surah Al-Fatiha:

(الحمد لله ربّ العالمين )

The character of this surah is prayer. The prayer begin with the praise of one to whom prayer is addressed. It means that we should prayer in a dignified manner. We must acknowledge the unique position and unmatched excellence of the one to whom we pray.
We praise someone because of two reasons:

  1. His excellence
  2. We consider him to be our benefactor
God is worthy of praise on both counts. We should remember the blessings He lavished upon us.

(مالك يوم الدين)

God will be the Lord of the day of judgement. The day when all the mankind will come out of their graves and will be rewarded or punished for their deeds. The description of God as a Lord of day of judgement following the another aspect of God that He will judge us all, He is so absolutely powerful that on the day of judgement no one will have the power like Him. The man has no authority on that day as Allah has given some authorities to man in this world

(اِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَاِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِيْنُ)

The term ibadah is used in three sense:
  1. Worship
  2. Obedience and submission
  3. Service

In this particular context the term carries all the three meanings. In other word we say to God that we worship Him, that we are obedient to Him, and also we are His servants. Ibadah is everything and every action that Allah loves and He pleased with . t include the ritious that Allah taught us like Salat giving zakat and fasting. It also includes the statements that Allah loves. E.g zikar of Allah and speaking truth. These statements and action could be hidden and appearant. Zakat and haj is visible. What is hidden ( positive thinking for others).